BEYOND BOUNDARIES – Globalisation and Identity
A new age
We entered a new age around 25 years ago. Following on from the Industrial Age, we now find ourselves in an age whose name has not yet become universally established. Terms such as the Information Age, Digital Age or Second Modern Age are often used.
The year 1991 was a milestone in the history of humanity. The world's first website went online on 6 August 1991. Shortly before, the initiator Tim Berners-Lee and his new partner Robert Cailliau, who both worked at CERN (Conseil Européen pour la Recherche Nucléaire = European Organisation for Nuclear Research) near Geneva, submitted the project: "WorldWideWeb: Proposal for a HyperText". This marked the creation of WWW, based on http (Hypertext Transfer Protocol), HTML (Hypertext Markup Language) and URL (Uniform Resource Locator). The internet has developed rapidly ever since. An increasing number of options were developed, and thanks to the development of inexpensive smartphones and laptops, these have reached an increasing number of people around the whole world. In many countries, over 90 percent of the population now have internet access.
On 1 July of the same year 1991, the Warsaw Pact was dissolved, and during the course of the year 1991 the countries that made up the Soviet Union seized the opportunity to become sovereign states. And finally, on 26 December 1991 the Supreme Soviet resolved to dissolve the Soviet Union. One day before, the President of the USSR, Mikhail Sergeyevich Gorbachev, stepped down from office. The "Iron Curtain" had fallen. The world that had been divided between the West and the East came peacefully together.
Since 1991, globalisation has advanced more rapidly than ever before in the history of mankind. Over the past 25 years, international rapprochements and interdependencies have consequently intensified at a furious pace. Never before has the world moved so closely together. To a certain extent, national boundaries became less pronounced. Globally operating companies disseminated so-called pop culture, causing similar fashion, music, films, food and drink etc. to spread everywhere.
At the same time, urbanisation increased. An increasing number of people flocked to the cities and settled there. In the interim, half of the world's population now live in cities, and the number of so-called mega cities (with more than 10 million inhabitants) has risen to over 30. People in the great cities are becoming increasingly lonely.
In this period of rapid urbanisation and general globalisation with exponential growth, there also appears to have been an increasing yearning for "one's own" identity in recent years. People increasingly wish to find and define themselves, while at the same time differentiating themselves, whether as an individual or as a group or as a community or even as a group of several communities.
Globalisation and identy
Globalisation and identity have become hugely important social questions, and we wish to address these in our exhibition. Thanks to the German-Indonesian collector Wiyu Wahono, whose parents come from China, we aim to explore the question of identity in specific, as well as in varied ways. His open collecting philosophy, in which Wiyu Wahono endeavours to identity the spirit of the age and to capture this in different artistic genres such as painting, sculpture, photography, video, computer work and installations, has given rise to a broad spectrum of exhibits.
The Liechtenstein National Museum therefore extends it's particular thanks to the collector Wiyu Wahono, who has lived and worked for many years in the East as well as in the West, and who has brought together works by the widest possible variety of creative artists from both worlds, which we are now able to present for the first time in a major exhibition in Liechtenstein's National Museum.
Art works of the exhibition
The exhibition shows painting, sculpture, photography, video, computer work and installations of the collection of Dr. Wiyu Wahono from Jakarta. The art works are created by Tromarama (Ruddy Alexander Hatumena - born in Bahrain, Herbert Hans - born in Jakarta, Febie Babyrose - born in Jakarta), by Ryoji Ikeda (Japan/France), Ming Wong (Singapore/Berlin), Tintin Wulia (Indonesia/Australia), Natasha Abigail Koetin (Indonesia), Eduardo Kac (Brasil/USA), Narpati Awangga a.k.a Oomleo (Indonesia), the collectice of artists C-LAB (Laura Cinti & Howard Boland - Netherlands), byn Melati Suryodarmo (Indonesia/Germany), Zhang Huan (China), Eko Nugroho (Indonesia), Angki Purbandono (Indonesia), Erwin Olaf (Netherlands), Jim Allen Abel (Indonesia), Agan Harahap (Indonesia), Teguh Ostenrik (Indonesia), Ay Tjoe Christine (Indonesia), Erika Ernawan (Indonesia) and Arief Pristianto (Indonesia).
There will be a catalog which be available for CHF 19.00 in the museum shop.